What is the Connection Between Premenstrual Syndrome & Water Retention?

Written by - Reviewed by Consumer Health Digest Team

Published: Nov 21, 2013 | Last Updated: Dec 3, 2018

Premenstrual syndrome and Water Retention

Women between adolescence and menopause deal with a premenstrual syndrome every month. This syndrome includes a mixture of emotional and physical symptoms. The majority of women at child-bearing age experience a range of symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome.

How is Premenstrual Syndrome Linked to Water Retention Problems?

Changing hormones within the body can cause fluid retention. Most women experience some bloating during their menstrual cycle. As hormone levels fluctuate, it triggers the body to retain fluid. This can lead to weight gain, swelling and bloating. Once a few days have passed, these symptoms will normally go away on their own.

What is the Treatment and Diagnosis Method for PMS?

For someone to be diagnosed with PMS, they must suffer from some of the emotional symptoms. There are no laboratory tests that can effectively diagnose PMS. Typically, women have to experience irritability, tension or sadness. These symptoms must occur during the luteal phase and disappear before or during menstruation.

In addition, the symptoms must be severe enough that they interfere with day to day activities. Normally, a physician will have a woman keep track of her symptoms over two menstrual cycles.

Doctors will normally prescribe methods of managing PMS since this condition cannot be cured. For minor cases, women may be advised to change their diet or lifestyle. Doctors may prescribe a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or some type of hormonal treatment.

Often, exercise can be used to reduce symptoms. Women may be advised to lower the amount of caffeine or sodium in their diet. They may be given vitamin B6, tryptophan, manganese or magnesium. Hormonal contraception can smooth out the severity of symptoms while diuretics can reduce water retention problems.

What are the Diet and Exercise Programs that Women Should Follow?

Dietary methods of treating PMS should include eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and fiber. Limiting caffeine consumption is important. In addition, women should lower their intake of sodium and sugar. Successful fitness routines should focus on aerobic exercises to increase blood flow and circulation.

Millions of women experience severe premenstrual syndrome symptoms every month. To prevent and treat this syndrome, women must adopt a healthier lifestyle. For severe symptoms, doctors can recommend medication or oral contraception that can alleviate problems.

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