Protect your eyes from excessive sun light & UV radiation

Written by - Reviewed by Consumer Health Digest Team

Published: Nov 6, 2017 | Last Updated: Apr 15, 2019

Sun damage to eyes

Overview of Sun Rays and UV Radiation

There are plenty of health benefits of getting moderate exposure to sunlight. It’s a very good source of Vitamin D. Some of the health benefits of getting moderate exposure to sunlight are: it lowers cholesterol, improves brain function, protect against inflammation, and more.
However, an excessive exposure to sun rays and UV radiation can have numerous hazardous effects on health. According to the study, the UV rays from sunlight are responsible for almost 80% of skin aging symptoms. An exposure to excessive sunlight rays is not only bad for skin health, but sun damage to eyes are very common too. Aging can make us feel subconscious about our skin appearance; you can get help to counteract the aging with Plexaderm.
More than 99% of the UV rays are absorbed by the front part of our eyes. Its exposure can cause macular degeneration, corneal damage, cataracts, and it can also lead to the case of blindness. We will dig deep on the topic of excessive sun exposure and UV rays on the upcoming sections of this article.

How UV Rays Cause Eye Problems?

UV Rays Cause Eye Problems

According to the statistics, around 14 million Americans are visually impaired. And, the major causes of blindness and low vision are macular degeneration, cataract, glaucoma, and diabetic retinopathy, according to the report published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Over the period of time, an exposure to UV rays can eventually damage your eyes in various ways. First of all, let’s understand the types of UV rays.

  • UV-A: This is a type of UV ray that can cause damage to central vision. It has the power to damage the macula, which is a part of the retina.
  • UB-B: The cornea and the lens, which are the front parts of our eyes, absorb most of these rays. These rays can cause more damage than UV-A rays.

Here are some of the eye problems that are caused by UV rays.

  • Macular Degeneration
  • An exposure to UV-rays can lead to macular degeneration, which is also one of the major causes of blindness.

  • Cataract
  • Some kinds of cataracts are caused by UV rays, especially UV-B rays. The clouding of the eyes’ natural lens is known as a cataract.

  • Pterygium
  • The problem of growth is called Pterygium. This unwanted growth begins on the white part of an eye, which may involve the cornea. This growth will eventually block the vision.

How UV Rays Affect Under Eye Skin?

A prolonged exposure to bad sunlight rays can cause sun damage under eyes. The UV rays damage our skin, and it is one of the major causes of skin cancer. And, the exposure of UV rays on under eye skin can burn the under eye skin, making it look darker.
You can protect the skin under your eyes by using an eye cream. Before diving into the pool of eye creams, we suggest you explore Sothys Eye Contour which could be a decent option for eye cream.

What are the Common Symptoms of Eye Damage?

There is plenty of sun damage to eye symptoms. Some of the common symptoms of eye damage are:

  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Blurry vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Eye pain that can be from mild to severe
  • Watery eyes

Who are at Risk for Eye Damage Due to UV Radiation?

Each and every person, regardless of their age, sex, and other factors are at risk of eye damage from UV radiation. According to the statistics, around 1 in 5 Americans are diagnosed with a skin cancer. However, the people who work or play in the sun are at a higher risk of eye damage due to UV radiation. Here are the people who are at a higher risk:

  • The people who spend a long time in the sun.
  • The people who have had cataract surgery or have been diagnosed with some kinds of retina damage.
  • The people who are using some specific medications, such as sulfa drugs, birth control pills, tranquilizers, tetracycline, and so on.

It’s true that the people regardless of their age are at risk for eye damage due to UV radiation. However, this risk is higher among children. It’s because children usually spend more time outdoors in comparison to adults.
And, the damage from UV rays is cumulative, which means the danger continues as we grow. Moreover, the children are more susceptible to retinal damage caused due to UV rays exposure than adults. It’s all about the excessive sunlight and UV radiation. You can have a look over this YEOUTH Radiance Eye Gel which is helpful for preventing aging sign and other eye problem such as dark circles, puffiness, eye bags, etc.

How to Protect Your Eyes from Harmful UV Rays?

Protect Your Eyes from Harmful UV Rays

There are two important ways that can help in protecting our eyes from harmful UV rays, and they are:

  • Know in detail about the damage that is caused due to UV rays.
  • Wear an effective eye protection and hats for blocking UV rays.

The harmful UV rays not only come directly from the sun, but it also comes reflected from the ground, snow, sand, and other bright surfaces.
Use a high-quality sunglasses and a brimmed hat to protect your eyes from harmful UV rays that come out of the sun. A wide-brimmed hat will help in blocking about half of the UV rays from the sun, and it also helps in limiting the sunlight that hit the eyes from above as well as below.
When you’re selecting an eyewear, go for a high-quality eyewear that absorbs UV rays, as it offers the maximum protection from UV rays. Both prescription and non-prescription glasses and contact lens are capable of absorbing UV-A and UV-B rays.

How to choose a sunglass for UV protection?

Not all sunglasses will offer the same level of protection. There are several factors that a person must consider before choosing a sunglass. Here are some of the tips that will help you in choosing an effective sunglass for a better protection from harmful UV rays.

  • Choose a sunglass that reduces glare
  • The sunglass must be able to filter out 99-100% of UV rays
  • The sunglass that you select must be comfortable to wear
  • The glasses used on the sunglasses must not distort colors

The sunglasses with a darker tint must be chosen if you are going out on a beach, as it blocks more light. The manufacturer of a sunglass always attaches a label that reveals how much UV rays the sunglass is able to block. One must only choose a sunglass that clearly mentions this information.
To protect your eyes all the time, wear sunglasses while you’re out for bicycling, boating, skiing, or any other outdoor activities. If you have a family and a little child, then make sure your child is wearing a sunglass while he/she is out for playing.


An eye is one of the most important organs in a human body. The people who are blind are desperate to have a vision, but they are not able to see the world like a normal human being. One must do everything they can to protect their eyes from all kinds of damages.
One of the most dangerous threats to eye health is excessive sunlight rays and UV radiation. The sun damage to eyes should not be ignored. Follow the tips that are mentioned in the article and also include foods that are beneficial for eye health. And, consult with an eye specialist if you are facing eye problems that are unusual.

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